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Until recently it was difficult to have any impact on an advanced melanoma. Now, however, even metastatic melanomas can be melted away; it is thus possible to considerably extend life expectancy. With another treatment approach, the specific stimulation of the body’s own immune system mobilises immune cells that are able to destroy tumour cells. In both cases significantly better results are being achieved than with previous treatment methods.

There has also been an advance in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma, the most common form of non-melanoma skin cancer: a so-called hedgehog inhibitor stops the growth of oversized tumours in a targeted way so that it will subsequently be possible to operate.